Angampora (Unarmed Combat)
Unarmed Combat which is commonly known as “angam pora” has it’s distinct meaning. “Angam” refers to the body while “Pora” refers to combat. So while angampora means the martial use of the limbs without the use of weapons, it is also divided in to three main categories.
1. පොරහරඹ (offensive and defensive techniques)
2. ගැටපූට්ටු (grips and locks)
3. මරුකලාව (vital point attacks)
1. (offensive and defensive techniques) පොරහරඹ
This are covers the techniques relate to the offensive execution of different strikes and the defensive uses of a vast variety of blocks. In angam the artful execution of foot work is essential in mastering it’s powerful techniques.
In theory the master prompts his students to train their students to cultivate a strong metal and physical aptitude that requires them to train their proverbial eagle eye, for watch fullness, the Peacocks hearing, listen to the movements of the enemy, the leap of the monkey, to stay agile and supple, the walk of the tiger that refers to the readiness and alertness in ones movements, the grapple of a bear, , the gait of the that refers to strength needed for ground fighting and executing neutralizing techniques.
These techniques are taught in the form of movement sets that includes different combinations of strikes and block with the relevant foot work. Students are taught these sets of movements, from basic to more advanced varieties.
2. (grips and locks) ගැටපූට්ටු
Grips and lock in angam is an area that clearly set the art part from many others in the world. Over the years this areas has proven to be one of the most deadly and practical techniques to be taught in the angam maduwa. It requires both strength and skill with the addition of extensive training in or to execute perfectly and effectively.
Different kinds of gripping and grappling techniques exists to counter different sorts of assaults. Those that are specifically used to neutralize an enemy who may strike with hand, foot, knife, sward… ect…
In reverse, the counters attack/releasing technique for a grip or a lock is also a separate area of study.
Below are the some of grips & locks practiced in combat
3. මරුකලාව (vital point attacks)
Attacking specific pressure points of the body of an opponent’s is a another deadly technique in angam. This is known as “Maru kalawa”, can be called the “Art of Death”. But this at it not taught by the angam master to every student. Only the most trusted and experienced students re taught after extensive ceremonies offered to the god Rawana, and taking 7 oaths.
A knowledge of astrology is essential in order to use this art effectively. The art speaks of 107 major pressure point of the body, and 12 deadly ones.
There are many strikes that are executed with pressure points
- Attacking while griping pressure points
- Attacking points that cause sudden death
- Neutralizing a limb
- Attacking to induce blood vomiting
- Attacking mathematically (according to astrology) to caise death time after a specific cause to death.
- Striking to make enemy pass out·
- Attacking to make ill for an extend period of time.
- Striking to induce the creation of bodily excrement
Likewise, this kind of technique is unique to angam.
Along with the art of striking pressure points, it also related to its medical application for curative results.
When training, master and students alike take care to be very cautious. And in the case of an injury during practice, the medical applications are used to treat the injury. Experts in the art, can treat minor ailments such as, coughs, headaches, stomach aches, by applying the right amount of pressure to the right pressure points. Even medicine of the “Dehadhamma” medicine is used to treat illnesses in this art.